Critical review of recent publications on use of natural composites in infrastructure

January 19, 2024

Compared to most synthetic fibers, natural fibers are low-cost, are easier to handle, have good specific mechanical properties, and require only around 20–40% of the production energy. Using natural materials and modern construction techniques reduces construction waste and increases energy efficiency while promoting the concept of sustainability. Several drawbacks of natural composites which would be even more pronounced in their use in infrastructure include their higher moisture absorption, inferior fire resistance, lower mechanical properties and durability, variation in quality and price, and difficulty using established manufacturing practices when compared to synthetic composites. Many researchers have been working to address these issues, with particular attention paid to the surface treatment of fibers and improving the fiber/matrix interface. Because of their positive economic and environmental outlook, as well as their ability to uniquely meet human needs worldwide, natural composites are showing a good potential for use in infrastructure applications.
David B. Dittenber, Hota V.S. GangaRao
David B. Dittenber, Hota V.S. GangaRao. (2012), Critical review of recent publications on use of natural composites in infrastructure. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 43(8): 1419-1429.